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Monday, November 16, 2020 | History

4 edition of Virus-host interactions, receptors, persistence, and neurological diseases found in the catalog.

Virus-host interactions, receptors, persistence, and neurological diseases

  • 230 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published by Plenum Press in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Host-virus relationships.,
  • Virus diseases.,
  • Nervous system -- Diseases.,
  • Receptors, Virus -- Physiology.,
  • Virus diseases -- Physiopathology.,
  • Nervous system diseases -- Physiopathology.,
  • Viruses -- Physiology.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies and index.

    Statementedited by Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat and Robert R. Wagner.
    SeriesComprehensive virology ;, 18
    ContributionsFraenkel-Conrat, Heinz, 1910-, Wagner, Robert R., 1923-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQR357 .F72 vol. 18, QR482 .F72 vol. 18
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiii, 200 p. :
    Number of Pages200
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3160667M
    ISBN 10030641158X
    LC Control Number83002389


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Virus-host interactions, receptors, persistence, and neurological diseases Download PDF EPUB FB2

Comprehensive Virology Vol. Virus-Host Interactions: Receptors Persistence and Neurological Diseases [Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Comprehensive Virology Vol. Virus-Host Interactions: Receptors Persistence and Neurological Diseases. The time seems ripe for a critical compendium of that segment of the biological universe we call viruses.

Virology, as a science, having passed only recently through its descriptive phase of naming and num­ bering, has probably reached that stage at which relatively few new­ truly new-viruses will.

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Animal viruses enter their hosts through several types of virus-host cell interactions and cause a variety of infections. Viral infections can be either acute, with a brief period of infection terminated by host immune responses, or chronic, in which the infection persists.

Thus, if a host lacks the receptor for a virus or if the host cells lacks some component necessary for the replication of a virus, the host will inherently be resistant to that virus. For example, mice lack receptors persistence polio viruses and thus are resistant to polio virus.

Similarly, humans are inherently resistant to plant and many animal viruses. Unknown, however, is whether and how very early interactions between the virus and the infected host affect the establishment of a persistent infection. Here, we describe host-virus interactions within the first 8–12 hours of infection are critical for establishing a persistent infection.

neurological diseases [7–11]. Strains Discovery Cellular Receptor Host References Alpha-coronavirus HCoVE Human Aminopeptidase N (CD13) Bats [1,2,21] Since virus host interactions form the basis of diseases, knowledge about their interplay.

Pathogens & Disease• Pathogens are defined as microbes capable of causing host damage.• When host damage reaches a certain threshold, it can manifest itself as a disease. – The evolution of an and neurological diseases book disease in an individual involves complex interactions between the pathogen and the host.

MD 18 Crowell Virus-host interactions, Landau BJ () Receptors in the initiation of Picornavirus infections. In: Fraenkel-Conrat H, Wagner RR (eds) Comprehensive virology: Virus-Host Interactions: Receptors persistence and neurological diseases, vol Plenum, New York Google Scholar.

Enter search terms. Keep search filters New search. Advanced search. Agnati, L.F. et al. Possible relevance of receptor-receptor interactions between viral- and host-coded receptors for viral-induced disease. ScientificWorldJournal 7, ().

Aim: Researchers will develop and employ a workflow that combines cryogenic light and electron microscopy imaging modalities with computational analysis and data mining to determine high-resolution in-situ structural images of the virus-spike interactions with cell receptors and with the antibodies that abrogate their cell entry.

These studies will provide a blueprint for the design of. Author(s): Fraenkel-Conrat,Heinz,; Wagner,Robert R, Title(s): Virus-host interactions: receptors, persistence, and neurological diseases/ edited by Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat and Robert R.

Wagner. Country of Publication: United States Publisher: New York: Plenum Press, c [Book]. The aim of this Special Issue of Cells is to highlight recent findings that advance our knowledge about how HBV targets host cell pathways to allow productive infection and establish persistence.

We welcome submissions of research papers and reviews that focus on HBV virus–host interactions and will cover topics such as: Entry. The development of A 1 agonists and A 2A antagonists could then have beneficial effects on neurological disorders (Cieślak and Wojtczak, ).

Although most adenosine receptor drugs are unable to cross the BBB, MMPD and MRS can act as brain A 1 agonists, and MRS showed antidepressant properties (Jacobson et al., ). Recent advances in technology have permitted the identification of several virus receptors, increasing our understanding of the significance of this initial virus-cell and virus-host interaction.

As with other infectious agents which cause human disease, the outcome of the interaction of a particular virus with the human host is different co-receptors (e.g., the chemokine receptors, CCR5 or CXCR4) persistent/latent or self-limited infection. According to the University of California, San Francisco, there are more than neurological disorders.

Neurological disorders are diseases that affect the brain and the central and autonomic nervous systems. In recognizing the signs and symptoms of neurological problems, it is first important to distinguish the various types of neurological disorders.

Jane E. Libbey, Robert S. Fujinami, in Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Measles virus. Measles virus (Chapter 27) is a Morbillivirus, of the family Paramyxoviridae, and is an enveloped single-stranded negative-sense RNA virus (Nathanson and Gonzalez-Scarano, ).Measles virus is spread by the respiratory route (Nathanson and Gonzalez-Scarano, ).

Overview. International Journal of Virology & Infectious Diseases (IJVID) is an international, peer reviewed, open access, scholarly journal that brings about latest research in all related aspects of Virology & Infectious Diseases. Virology is the study of viruses and virus-like agents, including their taxonomy, disease-producing properties, cultivation and genetics.

In pharmacokinetic interactions, a drug usually alters absorption, distribution, protein binding, metabolism, or excretion of another drug. Thus, the amount and persistence of available drug at receptor sites change. Pharmacokinetic interactions alter magnitude and duration, not type, of effect.

Co-evolution and adaptation between viruses and humans are often portrayed as a zero-sum biological arms race. Viruses enter host cells equipped with an array of mechanisms to evade the host defense responses and replicate.

The rapid rate of mutation of viruses permits evolution of various methodologies for infection, which in turn drive development of non-specific but highly effective host.

Viral Interaction with Inhibitory Receptors during Host Cell Entry Down-Regulates Antiviral Responses. The viral life cycle starts with host cell entry, which involves direct fusion with cell membrane or ligating an appropriate receptor to trigger endocytosis, pinocytosis, or macropinocytosis.

Therefore, mutations of DA virus in loop structure(s) could alter the virus-cell interaction for persistent infection in the CNS, leading to abortive or no infection of macrophages and glial cells in the white matter of the spinal cord.

The virus may use a different receptor on neurons versus macrophages or glial cells. Kim CH: SARS-CoV-2 evolutionary adaptation toward host entry and recognition of receptor O-acetyl sialylation in virus-host interaction. Int J Mol Sci ; Crossref, Google Scholar; Song E, Zhang C, Israelow B, et al.: Neuroinvasive potential of SARS-CoV-2 revealed in a human brain organoid model.

bioRxiv   Dengue fever is a fatal vector transmitted disease and is one of the most significant health problems which have magnified its impact globally by afflicting million people across countries. The causative agent of this life-threatening disease is a positive single-stranded RNA arbovirus known as dengue virus (DENV), which uses Aedes aegypti mosquito as an intermediate host.

Elaine Moore and Samantha Wilkinson's (Sammy Jo) book on `Low Dose Naltrexone Therapy' is a much needed book. LDN therapy is an off-label use of an established, FDA approved drug - Naltrexone -- used to help modulate the immune system for autoimmune diseases. Although the primate PVR is essential in conferring susceptibility to poliovirus infection, certain strains can induce neurological disease in rodents.

Mouse neurovirulent PV isolates of divergent serotypical origin each provoked a distinctive, characteristic neurological. Project 4 will continue to investigate the molecular basis of virus-host and virus-cell interactions in TMEV-IDD by identifying the cellular receptors for TMEV and their role in pathogenesis, examine the molecular pathways of TMEV-induced apoptosis in murine macrophages, and map neutralizing immunogenic sites on the TMEV virion.

3 Virus–Host Interactions. Coronavirus infections usually cause cytopathic effects (CPE), typically syncytia formation, in the host cells as a result of the membrane‐fusion activity of the S‐protein.

The S‐proteins of some coronaviruses do not cause cell fusion; however, the infected cells still exhibit CPE, leading to cell lysis and death. Viral quasispecies are closely related (but nonidentical) mutant and recombinant viral genomes subjected to continuous genetic variation, competition, and selection.

Quasispecies structure and dynamics of replicating RNA enable virus populations to persist in their hosts and cause disease. We review mechanisms of viral persistence in cells, organisms, and populations of organisms and suggest. Canine distemper virus (CDV), currently termed Canine morbillivirus, is an extremely contagious disease that affects dogs.

It is identified as a multiple cell tropism pathogen, and its host range includes a vast array of species. As a member of Mononegavirales, CDV has a negative, single-stranded RNA genome, which encodes eight proteins.

Regarding the molecular pathogenesis, the. Submitted to: Book Chapter Publication Type: Book / Chapter Publication Acceptance Date: 6/10/ Publication Date: 7/1/ Citation: Lawrence, P.J., Rieder, A.E. Foot-and-mouth disease virus receptors: multiple gateways to initiate infection.

Progress in treating chronic illness, where the cause of the problem is often unknown, has lagged. Chronic conditions like cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease defy easy explanation, let.

The pattern of interactions between foot and mouth disease (FMD) viral protein 1 (VP1) with susceptible and resistant host integrins were deciphered. The putative effect of site-directed mutation on alteration of interaction is illustrated using predicted and validated 3D structures of VP1, mutated VP1 and integrins of Bos taurus, Gallus and Canis.

This is attributable to a functional interaction between hACE2 receptors and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAchR). hACE2 and nAchR co-exist in several cells and functionally interact such that nicotinic stimulation of nAchR upregulates hACE2 expression Hence, avoidance of smoking needs to be strongly advocated to avoid neurological disease.

The application of functional genomics to the understanding of the FMD virus host interaction in a relevant animal inoculation model uncovered novel pathogenesis mechanisms and deepened our understanding of this relevant animal disease.

02 Showed inhibition of innate immune responses to early infection with Foo and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV). The Division of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (DAIDS) is a division of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases which is part of the National Institutes of was formed in as a part of the initiative to address the national research needs created by the advent and spread of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Specifically, the Division’s mission is to increase basic.